This is the 1st post of what will be somehow a tutorial to Linux operating system.
Let’s start with some things you must understand.
Kernel – the most basic software to comunicate with the hardware. Alone the kernel is able to make a computer work, but in a low level computing.
Distribution – a distribution is a pack of software, managed to work all together. It has the Kernel, GNU tools, X.org and other basic applications that make a Linux operating system work. Most common distributions are Debian, Suse, Red Hat, Ubuntu, Fedora, Mandriva, etc…, etc… see: www.distrowatch.com
GUI – Graphical User Interface, in Linux there are several GUI’s for you to interact with the computer. It is the windows, the menus, and all that you are used to see in a computer interface. In Operating Systems like Windows or Mac OS, you can only choose one, but in Linux there are several to choose from. Most used are Gnome, KDE, XFCE, and others.
Command Line – The CL is a place your you type commands to the OS. It is a very powerfull way to interact with the computer as you can do things in a more low level.
Root user – Root is the administrator of the PC. It gives special power to make certain alterations in the OS.